José Da Silveira
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about formism

Formism was created by José Da Silveira. The style places focus on the importance of the shapes and forms that causes the eye never to rest, to stick to the canvas. Picasso was a structuralist, Matisse a colorist. Da Silveira is a formist.

Because color and structure in a painting have a tendency to annihilate one another, Picasso always used a strong and stable structure to support his colors, as Matisse did the opposite: Matisse used very strong colors to support his structure.

Both Matisse and Picasso spent their lives trying to find a balance which would solve this problem, but they never fully succeeded. Jackson Pollock, on the contrary, broke the mold by entirely rejecting the opposition of color and structure. He broke new ground creating paintings without "points of impact" and void of structure. By doing so, he forces the eye to stay in movement. Pollock refused to give more importance to any one part of his painting.

It has been said that José Da Silveira is the anti-Pollock - this could not be further from the truth. Just as Picasso, Matisse, Pollock and De Kooning before him, Da Silveira tackles this relationship between color and form. Through the Formist movement, rather than refusing to address this complexity, Da Silveira embraces it. His paintings are built on "points of impact". Each part of the overall painting is a painting in itself. Abandoning the traditional cross structure, the painter implements a swirling and fluid structure, which allows the eye to move and escape.

In the Formist paintings, one should be able to follow Da Silveira's lines from any point and always have the option of return to the starting point. The opposition of color and structure seems thereby to be resolved, not as Pollock did by avoiding any structure whatsoever, but by creating multiple, repetitive movements within the colors. This constant movement allows the eye to enjoy a combined gift of color and structure.